Birth Control

Lynnell P. Gardner MD PC and Michael F. Hamant MD PC

Gynecology & Family Medicine located in Tucson, AZ

When you have an ever-increasing number of options, deciding the best form of birth control for you can be difficult. To help you navigate through your contraception options, board-certified OB/GYN Lynnell P. Gardner, MD, at Lynnell P. Gardner M.D. & Michael F. Hamant M.D., in Tucson, Arizona, offers birth control counseling. To schedule a consultation with Dr. Gardner, a women’s health specialist, call the office or request an appointment online today.

Birth Control Q & A

What is birth control?

Birth control refers to the methods and devices you use to assist in family planning. When it comes to preventing pregnancy, you have many options. While some methods work better than others, each type of birth control has its pros and cons. 

A women’s health expert, Dr. Gardner can review the types of birth control available and help you determine the method that makes the best choice for you and your future pregnancy needs.

What are the types of birth control?

There are many types of birth control. Some you can pick up at your local grocery store, but most require a visit with Dr. Gardner. 

The types of birth control include:


Sterilization is a permanent form of birth control. For women, sterilization is a surgical procedure referred to as tubal ligation, which involves severing or blocking your fallopian tubes to stop your egg from being fertilized by sperm. Dr. Gardner only recommends this type of birth control if you don’t have any future pregnancy plans.

Short-acting hormonal birth control

The birth control pill, shot, and patch are considered short-acting hormonal birth control methods. These types of birth control prevent pregnancy by stopping ovulation — the release of an egg. Hormonal birth control is also used to help manage gynecological conditions, such as abnormal bleeding. 

Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs)

LARCs include the intrauterine device (IUD), which is implanted in your cervix and prevents pregnancy by stopping sperm from reaching your egg. LARCs are very effective forms of birth control and can prevent pregnancy for 3-12 years. Nexplanon is another option, which is inserted under the skin of a woman's upper arm. This impant is invisible and can prevent pregnancy for up to 4 years. 

Barrier methods

Condoms, cervical caps, and diaphragms are barrier methods of birth control that work by blocking sperm from reaching your egg. 

Abstinence and condoms are the only methods of birth control that also offers protection against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

How do I know which birth control method is best for me?

Dr. Gardner understands how difficult it can be to determine the best method of contraception, which is why she offers birth control counseling. Together, you decide the method that works best for you based on your future pregnancy plans, sexual activity, and overall health needs.

To learn more about your birth control options, call the office of Lynnell P. Gardner M.D. & Michael F. Hamant M.D., or request an appointment online today.